On January of 1973 a volcanic eruption of the mountain Eldfell began on Heimaey. When the fissures closed, the eruption converted to a concentrated lava flow that headed toward the harbour. During the night, the 5000 inhabitants of the island were evacuated, mostly by fishing boats, as almost the entire fishing fleet was in dock.
The encroaching lava flow threatened to destroy the harbour, the main source of livelihood for most of the town. Townspeople constantly sprayed the lava with cold seawater, causing some of it to solidify and much to be diverted, thus saving the harbour from destruction. During the eruption, half of the town was crushed and the island expanded in length.
1973. aasta jaanuaris purskas Heimaey linna lähedale tekkinud vulkaan Eldfell. Saare rahvastik evakueeriti kiiresti kohaliku laevastiku laevadega. Linn kattus mitmemeetrilise tuhakihiga. Tulikuum laava voolas aeglaselt sadama poole ning ähvardas selle hävitada, laavavool peatati leidlikult külma merevee abil. Selle tagajärjel tekkis sadamale looduslik lisakaitse ookeanilainete eest.
Pärast seda hakati Heimaey linna ka "Põhja-Pompeiks" kutsuma.
Mõnusat eestikeelset lugemist Vestmannaeyjari saarte kohta leiab ka siit...
Iceland @ August 2010